This PALS Quiz focuses on the treatment of the critically ill child using the PALS Systematic Approach Algorithm.
Answer all 10 questions and then your practice test will be graded.
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Question 1 of 10
Heart rate and rhythm, pulses, capillary refill time, skin color and temperature, and blood pressure are all direct indicators of circulatory status. Which of the following are indirect indicators of circulatory status? (Choose all correct answers.)CorrectIncorrect
Question 2 of 10
What is the most common cause of bradycardia in children?CorrectIncorrect
Question 3 of 10
(True or False) Tachycardia is a normal physiologic response in the critically ill child?CorrectIncorrect
Question 4 of 10
An observed decrease in systolic blood pressure of ________ mm Hg from baseline should prompt serial evaluations for additional signs of shock.CorrectIncorrect
Question 5 of 10
In healthy children, the heart rate may fluctuate with the respiratory cycle.
The heart rate with inspiration and with expiration. (fill in each blank with a single word)
Question 6 of 10
(True or False) A low hemoglobin (anemia) may make it harder to detect cyanosis in a critically ill child.CorrectIncorrect
Question 7 of 10
(True or False) When assessing circulation, it is only necessary to assess the central pulses.CorrectIncorrect
Question 8 of 10
What is a common cause of vasoconstriction and can result in a discrepancy between the peripheral and central pulses in children? (Choose all correct answers)CorrectIncorrect
Question 9 of 10
Normal capillary refill time in children is ___________.CorrectIncorrect
Question 10 of 10
Skin color can be an indication of tissue perfusion. Match the skin characteristics with the correct definitions.
- Paleness, lack of normal color in the skin or mucous membrane.
- Irregular or patchy discoloration of the skin which may be caused hypoxemia, hypovolemia, or shock.
- Blue discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes.
- Bluish discoloration of the hands and feet commonly seen during the newborn period.
- Bluish discoloration of the hands and feet seen beyond the newborn period.